Import DADA2 ASV Tables into phyloseq

ASV Tables Created in R

ASV tables created using the Bioconductor/R version of DADA2 are matrix files with samples as rows and taxa as columns. The taxa names are the sequences themselves. Because these matrices can be quite large they are most conveniently saved as compressed rds files. Read these files into R and create an experiment level phyloseq object containing an OTU or ASV table and representative sequences with the following R script: Continue reading “Import DADA2 ASV Tables into phyloseq”

Get ggplot plot panel limits

I have added a new function (get_plot_limits) to my package QsRutils.  It extracts the minimum and maximum X and Y values for a ggplot panel. This is useful in formatting ggplots. For example, you may wish to expand the panel to avoid text running out of the panel, or nudge text relative to some point. For an example, see my post on adding compact letter displays to box plots created with ggplot2.

Rooting Unifrac Trees in phyloseq Objects

The method of rooting trees described in the post “Unifrac and Tree Roots” is now included in QsRutils beginning with version 0.3.2 as function root_phyloseq_tree. Given a phyloseq object with an unrooted tree, it returns the same type of phyloseq object with the tree rooted by the longest terminal branch.

Unifrac and Tree Roots

Unifrac distances have the attraction of including phylogenetic relatedness, based on a tree of the representative sequences, in the distances among samples calculated from an OTU table. FastTree is the usual method of choice in generating the tree, although USEARCH also provides a method. Both methods calculate unrooted trees, and calculation of Unifrac distances requires a rooted tree. The problem arises in how to best root the tree. I found a discussion of the problem on the phyloseq GitHub site (https://github.com/joey711/phyloseq/issues/597). Continue reading “Unifrac and Tree Roots”

Update R in Ubuntu

If you installed R from the Ubuntu repository with

sudo apt-get install r-base

you most likely got an out of date version. In February 2018, that method still gave me R version 3.2.3 (2015-12-10). To get the latest versions of R and its packages, you need to add CRAN to the apt-get repositories. Do this with the code below. Enter one line at a time. Cut and paste to prevent errors. Continue reading “Update R in Ubuntu”

Rotatable 3D Plots

The R package vegan includes the function ordiplot for making ordination plots using R’s base graphics. Additionally vegan provides several functions for enhancing the plots with spiders, hulls, and ellipses. It is even possible to overlay an ordination plot with a cluster diagram. (See my package ggordiplots on GitHub for making the same kinds of plots with ggplot graphics.) Vegan’s functions for adding these layers begin with “ordi”: ordispider, ordihull, ordiellipse, ordicluster. Earlier this year I discovered the package vegan3d. It makes use of rgl graphics which means that the plots it generates can be scaled and rotated with the mouse. This is not just fun – it allows you to see how well separated treatment groups are in the ordination space.

Continue reading “Rotatable 3D Plots”